diff mbox series

[bug#60788,v2] services: Add vnstat-service-type.

Message ID f3b90db7de20b4deab630a53c5c970fa776b0e7a.1673730322.git.mirai@makinata.eu
State New
Headers show
Series [bug#60788,v2] services: Add vnstat-service-type. | expand

Commit Message

Bruno Victal Jan. 14, 2023, 9:06 p.m. UTC
* gnu/services/monitoring.scm (vnstat-service-type): New variable.
* doc/guix.texi (Monitoring Services): Document it.
---

Fix for camelfy-field-name.

 doc/guix.texi               | 238 +++++++++++++++++++++
 gnu/services/monitoring.scm | 413 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 651 insertions(+)


base-commit: fb3085e80fd3d4559057b60d9e2c1c1f1ff51022
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/doc/guix.texi b/doc/guix.texi
index c07ec89b2f..1f6e5d9ed6 100644
--- a/doc/guix.texi
+++ b/doc/guix.texi
@@ -111,6 +111,7 @@ 
 Copyright @copyright{} 2022 John Kehayias@*
 Copyright @copyright{} 2022 Ivan Vilata-i-Balaguer@*
 Copyright @copyright{} 2023 Giacomo Leidi@*
+Copyright @copyright{} 2023 Bruno Victal@*
 
 Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document
 under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.3 or
@@ -28219,6 +28220,243 @@  Monitoring Services
 @end table
 @end deftp
 
+@anchor{vnstat}
+@subsubheading vnStat Network Traffic Monitor
+@cindex vnstat
+
+vnStat is a network traffic monitor that uses interface statistics provided
+by the kernel rather than traffic sniffing.  This makes it a light resource
+monitor, regardless of network traffic rate.
+
+@defvar vnstat-service-type
+This is the service type for the @uref{https://humdi.net/vnstat/,vnStat} daemon
+and accepts a @code{vnstat-configuration} value.
+@end defvar
+
+@c %start of fragment
+@deftp {Data Type} vnstat-configuration
+Available @code{vnstat-configuration} fields are:
+
+@table @asis
+@item @code{package} (default: @code{vnstat}) (type: file-like)
+The vnstat package.
+
+@item @code{database-dir} (default: @code{"/var/lib/vnstat"}) (type: string)
+Specifies the directory where the database is to be stored.  A full path
+must be given and a leading '/' isn't required.
+
+@item @code{#@{5-minute-hours@}#} (default: @code{48}) (type: maybe-integer)
+Data retention duration for the 5 minute resolution entries.  The
+configuration defines for how many past hours entries will be stored.
+Set to @code{-1} for unlimited entries or to @code{0} to disable the
+data collection of this resolution.
+
+@item @code{#@{64bit-interface-counters@}#} (default: @code{-2}) (type: maybe-integer)
+Select interface counter handling.  Set to @code{1} for defining that
+all interfaces use 64-bit counters on the kernel side and @code{0} for
+defining 32-bit counter.  Set to @code{-1} for using the old style logic
+used in earlier versions where counter values within 32-bits are assumed
+to be 32-bit and anything larger is assumed to be a 64-bit counter.  This
+may produce false results if a 64-bit counter is reset within the
+32-bits.  Set to @code{-2} for using automatic detection based on
+available kernel datastructures.
+
+@item @code{always-add-new-interfaces?} (default: @code{#t}) (type: maybe-boolean)
+Enable or disable automatic creation of new database entries for
+interfaces not currently in the database even if the database file
+already exists when the daemon is started.  New database entries will
+also get created for new interfaces seen while the daemon is running.
+Pseudo interfaces lo, lo0 and sit0 are always excluded from getting
+added.
+
+@item @code{bandwidth-detection?} (default: @code{#t}) (type: maybe-boolean)
+Try to automatically detect @var{max-bandwidth} value for each monitored
+interface.  Mostly only ethernet interfaces support this feature.
+@var{max-bandwidth} will be used as fallback value if detection fails.
+Any interface specific @var{max-BW} configuration will disable the
+detection for the specified interface.  In Linux, the detection is
+disabled for tun interfaces due to the Linux kernel always reporting 10
+Mbit regardless of the used real interface.
+
+@item @code{bandwidth-detection-interval} (default: @code{5}) (type: maybe-integer)
+How often in minutes interface specific detection of @var{max-bandwidth}
+is done for detecting possible changes when @var{bandwidth-detection} is
+enabled.  Can be disabled by setting to @code{0}.  Value range:
+@samp{0}..@samp{30}
+
+@item @code{boot-variation} (default: @code{15}) (type: maybe-integer)
+Time in seconds how much the boot time reported by system kernel can
+variate between updates.  Value range: @samp{0}..@samp{300}
+
+@item @code{check-disk-space?} (default: @code{#t}) (type: maybe-boolean)
+Enable or disable the availability check of at least some free disk
+space before a database write.
+
+@item @code{create-dirs?} (default: @code{#t}) (type: maybe-boolean)
+Enable or disable the creation of directories when a configured path
+doesn't exist.  This includes @var{database-dir}.
+
+@item @code{daemon-group} (type: maybe-string)
+Specify the group to which the daemon process should switch during
+startup.  The group can either be the name of the group or a numerical
+group id.  Leave empty to disable group switching.  This option can only
+be used when the process is started as root.
+
+@item @code{daemon-user} (type: maybe-string)
+Specify the user to which the daemon process should switch during
+startup.  The user can either be the login of the user or a numerical
+user id.  Leave empty to disable user switching.  This option can only
+be used when the process is started as root.
+
+@item @code{daily-days} (default: @code{62}) (type: maybe-integer)
+Data retention duration for the one day resolution entries.  The
+configuration defines for how many past days entries will be stored.  Set
+to @code{-1} for unlimited entries or to @code{0} to disable the data
+collection of this resolution.
+
+@item @code{database-synchronous} (default: @code{-1}) (type: maybe-integer)
+Change the setting of the SQLite "synchronous" flag which controls how
+much care is taken to ensure disk writes have fully completed when
+writing data to the database before continuing other actions.  Higher
+values take extra steps to ensure data safety at the cost of slower
+performance.  A value of @code{0} will result in all handling being left
+to the filesystem itself.  Set to @code{-1} to select the default value
+according to database mode controlled by
+@var{database-write-ahead-logging} setting.  See SQLite documentation
+for more details regarding values from @code{1} to @code{3}.  Value
+range: @samp{-1}..@samp{3}
+
+@item @code{database-write-ahead-logging?} (default: @code{#f}) (type: maybe-boolean)
+Enable or disable SQLite Write-Ahead Logging mode for the database.  See
+SQLite documentation for more details and note that support for
+read-only operations isn't available in older SQLite versions.
+
+@item @code{hourly-days} (default: @code{4}) (type: maybe-integer)
+Data retention duration for the one hour resolution entries.  The
+configuration defines for how many past days entries will be stored.  Set
+to @code{-1} for unlimited entries or to @code{0} to disable the data
+collection of this resolution.
+
+@item @code{log-file} (type: maybe-string)
+Specify log file path and name to be used if @var{use-logging} is set to
+@code{1}.
+
+@item @code{max-bandwidth} (type: maybe-integer)
+Maximum bandwidth for all interfaces.  If the interface specific traffic
+exceeds the given value then the data is assumed to be invalid and
+rejected.  Set to 0 in order to disable the feature.  Value range:
+@samp{0}..@samp{50000}
+
+@item @code{max-BW} (type: maybe-alist)
+Same as @var{max-bandwidth} but can be used for setting individual
+limits for selected interfaces.  This is an association list of
+interfaces as symbols/strings to integer values.  For example,
+@lisp
+(max-BW `((eth0 .  15000)
+          (ppp0 .  10000)))
+@end lisp
+@var{bandwidth-detection} is disabled on an interface specific level for
+each @var{max-BW} configuration.  Value range: @samp{0}..@samp{50000}
+
+@item @code{monthly-months} (default: @code{25}) (type: maybe-integer)
+Data retention duration for the one month resolution entries.  The
+configuration defines for how many past months entries will be stored.
+Set to @code{-1} for unlimited entries or to @code{0} to disable the
+data collection of this resolution.
+
+@item @code{month-rotate} (default: @code{1}) (type: maybe-integer)
+Day of month that months are expected to change.  Usually set to 1 but
+can be set to alternative values for example for tracking monthly billed
+traffic where the billing period doesn't start on the first day.  For
+example, if set to 7, days of February up to and including the 6th will
+count for January.  Changing this option will not cause existing data to
+be recalculated.  Value range: @samp{1}..@samp{28}
+
+@item @code{month-rotate-affects-years?} (default: @code{#f}) (type: maybe-boolean)
+Enable or disable @var{month-rotate} also affecting yearly data.
+Applicable only when @var{month-rotate} has a value greater than one.
+
+@item @code{offline-save-interval} (default: @code{30}) (type: maybe-integer)
+How often in minutes cached interface data is saved to file when all
+monitored interfaces are offline.  Value range:
+@var{save-interval}..@samp{60}
+
+@item @code{pid-file} (default: @code{"/var/run/vnstatd.pid"}) (type: maybe-string)
+Specify pid file path and name to be used.
+
+@item @code{poll-interval} (default: @code{5}) (type: maybe-integer)
+How often in seconds interfaces are checked for status changes.  Value
+range: @samp{2}..@samp{60}
+
+@item @code{rescan-database-on-save?} (type: maybe-boolean)
+Automatically discover added interfaces from the database and start
+monitoring.  The rescan is done every @var{save-interval} or
+@var{offline-save-interval} minutes depending on the current activity
+state.
+
+@item @code{save-interval} (default: @code{5}) (type: maybe-integer)
+How often in minutes cached interface data is saved to file.  Value
+range: ( @var{update-interval} / 60 )..@samp{60}
+
+@item @code{save-on-status-change?} (default: @code{#t}) (type: maybe-boolean)
+Enable or disable the additional saving to file of cached interface data
+when the availability of an interface changes, i.e., when an interface
+goes offline or comes online.
+
+@item @code{time-sync-wait} (default: @code{5}) (type: maybe-integer)
+How many minutes to wait during daemon startup for system clock to sync
+if most recent database update appears to be in the future.  This may be
+needed in systems without a real-time clock (RTC) which require some
+time after boot to query and set the correct time.  @code{0} = wait
+disabled.  Value range: @samp{0}..@samp{60}
+
+@item @code{top-day-entries} (default: @code{20}) (type: maybe-integer)
+Data retention duration for the top day entries.  The configuration
+defines how many of the past top day entries will be stored.  Set to
+@code{-1} for unlimited entries or to @code{0} to disable the data
+collection of this resolution.
+
+@item @code{trafficless-entries?} (default: @code{#t}) (type: maybe-boolean)
+Create database entries even when there is no traffic during the entry's
+time period.
+
+@item @code{update-file-owner?} (default: @code{#t}) (type: maybe-boolean)
+Enable or disable the update of file ownership during daemon process
+startup.  During daemon startup, only database, log and pid files will
+be modified if the user or group change feature ( @var{daemon-user} or
+@var{daemon-group} ) is enabled and the files don't match the requested
+user or group.  During manual database creation, this option will cause
+file ownership to be inherited from the database directory if the
+directory already exists.  This option only has effect when the process
+is started as root or via sudo.
+
+@item @code{update-interval} (default: @code{20}) (type: maybe-integer)
+How often in seconds the interface data is updated.  Value range:
+@var{poll-interval}..@samp{300}
+
+@item @code{use-logging} (default: @code{2}) (type: maybe-integer)
+Enable or disable logging.  This option is ignored when the daemon is
+started with .B "-n, --nodaemon" which results in all log output being
+shown in terminal the daemon process is using.  @code{0} = disabled,
+@code{1} = logfile and @code{2} = syslog.
+
+@item @code{use-UTC?} (type: maybe-boolean)
+Enable or disable using UTC as timezone in the database for all entries.
+When enabled, all entries added to the database will use UTC regardless
+of the configured system timezone.  When disabled, the configured system
+timezone will be used.  Changing this setting will not result in already
+existing data to be modified.
+
+@item @code{yearly-years} (default: @code{-1}) (type: maybe-integer)
+Data retention duration for the one year resolution entries.  The
+configuration defines for how many past years entries will be stored.
+Set to @code{-1} for unlimited entries or to @code{0} to disable the
+data collection of this resolution.
+
+@end table
+@end deftp
+@c %end of fragment
+
 @subsubheading Zabbix server
 @cindex zabbix zabbix-server
 Zabbix is a high performance monitoring system that can collect data from a
diff --git a/gnu/services/monitoring.scm b/gnu/services/monitoring.scm
index 44e2e8886c..7017c677ea 100644
--- a/gnu/services/monitoring.scm
+++ b/gnu/services/monitoring.scm
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@ 
 ;;; Copyright © 2018, 2019 Gábor Boskovits <boskovits@gmail.com>
 ;;; Copyright © 2018, 2019, 2020 Oleg Pykhalov <go.wigust@gmail.com>
 ;;; Copyright © 2022 Marius Bakke <marius@gnu.org>
+;;; Copyright © 2023 Bruno Victal <mirai@makinata.eu>
 ;;;
 ;;; This file is part of GNU Guix.
 ;;;
@@ -26,6 +27,7 @@  (define-module (gnu services monitoring)
   #:use-module (gnu services web)
   #:use-module (gnu packages admin)
   #:use-module (gnu packages monitoring)
+  #:use-module (gnu packages networking)
   #:use-module (gnu system shadow)
   #:use-module (guix gexp)
   #:use-module (guix packages)
@@ -34,6 +36,7 @@  (define-module (gnu services monitoring)
   #:use-module ((guix ui) #:select (display-hint G_))
   #:use-module (ice-9 match)
   #:use-module (ice-9 rdelim)
+  #:use-module (srfi srfi-1)
   #:use-module (srfi srfi-26)
   #:use-module (srfi srfi-35)
   #:export (darkstat-configuration
@@ -45,6 +48,10 @@  (define-module (gnu services monitoring)
             prometheus-node-exporter-web-listen-address
             prometheus-node-exporter-service-type
 
+            vnstat-configuration
+            vnstat-configuration?
+            vnstat-service-type
+
             zabbix-server-configuration
             zabbix-server-service-type
             zabbix-agent-configuration
@@ -196,6 +203,412 @@  (define prometheus-node-exporter-service-type
                         prometheus-node-exporter-shepherd-service)))
    (default-value (prometheus-node-exporter-configuration))))
 
+
+;;;
+;;; vnstat daemon
+;;;
+
+(define* (camelfy-field-name field-name #:key (dromedary? #f))
+  (match (string-split (symbol->string field-name) #\-)
+    ((head tail ...)
+     (string-join (cons (if dromedary? head (string-upcase head 0 1))
+                        (map (cut string-upcase <> 0 1) tail)) ""))))
+
+(define (dock-field-name field-name)
+  "Drop rightmost '?' character"
+  (let ((str (symbol->string field-name)))
+    (if (string-suffix? "?" str)
+        (string->symbol (string-drop-right str 1))
+        field-name)))
+
+(define (vnstat-serialize-string field-name value)
+  #~(format #f "~a ~s~%"
+            #$(camelfy-field-name field-name)
+            #$value))
+
+(define vnstat-serialize-integer vnstat-serialize-string)
+
+(define (vnstat-serialize-boolean field-name value)
+  #~(format #f "~a ~a~%"
+            #$(camelfy-field-name (dock-field-name field-name))
+            #$(if value 1 0)))
+
+(define (vnstat-serialize-alist field-name value)
+  (generic-serialize-alist string-append
+                           (lambda (iface val)
+                             (vnstat-serialize-integer
+                              (format #f "MaxBW~a" iface) val))
+                           value))
+
+(define-maybe string  (prefix vnstat-))
+(define-maybe integer (prefix vnstat-))
+(define-maybe boolean (prefix vnstat-))
+(define-maybe alist   (prefix vnstat-))
+
+;; Documentation strings from vnstat.conf manpage adapted to texinfo.
+;; vnstat checkout: v2.10, commit b3408af1c609aa6265d296cab7bfe59a61d7cf70
+(define-configuration vnstat-configuration
+  (package
+    (file-like vnstat)
+    "The vnstat package."
+    empty-serializer)
+
+  (database-dir
+   (string "/var/lib/vnstat")
+   "\
+Specifies the directory where the database is to be stored.
+A full path must be given and a leading '/' isn't required.")  
+
+  (5-minute-hours
+   (maybe-integer 48)
+   "\
+Data retention duration for the 5 minute resolution entries. The configuration
+defines for how many past hours entries will be stored. Set to @code{-1} for
+unlimited entries or to @code{0} to disable the data collection of this
+resolution.")
+
+  (64bit-interface-counters
+   (maybe-integer -2)
+   "\
+Select interface counter handling. Set to @code{1} for defining that all interfaces
+use 64-bit counters on the kernel side and @code{0} for defining 32-bit counter. Set
+to @code{-1} for using the old style logic used in earlier versions where counter
+values within 32-bits are assumed to be 32-bit and anything larger is assumed to
+be a 64-bit counter. This may produce false results if a 64-bit counter is
+reset within the 32-bits. Set to @code{-2} for using automatic detection based on
+available kernel datastructures.")
+
+  (always-add-new-interfaces?
+   (maybe-boolean #t)
+   "\
+Enable or disable automatic creation of new database entries for interfaces not
+currently in the database even if the database file already exists when the
+daemon is started. New database entries will also get created for new interfaces
+seen while the daemon is running. Pseudo interfaces lo, lo0 and sit0 are always
+excluded from getting added.")
+
+  (bandwidth-detection?
+   (maybe-boolean #t)
+   "\
+Try to automatically detect
+@var{max-bandwidth}
+value for each monitored interface. Mostly only ethernet interfaces support
+this feature.
+@var{max-bandwidth}
+will be used as fallback value if detection fails. Any interface specific
+@var{max-BW}
+configuration will disable the detection for the specified interface.
+In Linux, the detection is disabled for tun interfaces due to the
+Linux kernel always reporting 10 Mbit regardless of the used real interface.")
+
+  (bandwidth-detection-interval
+   (maybe-integer 5)
+   "\
+How often in minutes interface specific detection of
+@var{max-bandwidth}
+is done for detecting possible changes when
+@var{bandwidth-detection}
+is enabled. Can be disabled by setting to @code{0}. Value range: @samp{0}..@samp{30}")
+
+  (boot-variation
+   (maybe-integer 15)
+   "\
+Time in seconds how much the boot time reported by system kernel can variate
+between updates. Value range: @samp{0}..@samp{300}")
+
+  (check-disk-space?
+   (maybe-boolean #t)
+   "\
+Enable or disable the availability check of at least some free disk space before
+a database write.")
+
+  (create-dirs?
+   (maybe-boolean #t)
+   "\
+Enable or disable the creation of directories when a configured path doesn't
+exist. This includes @var{database-dir}.")
+
+  (daemon-group
+   maybe-string
+   "\
+Specify the group to which the daemon process should switch during startup.
+The group can either be the name of the group or a numerical group id.
+Leave empty to disable group switching. This option can only be used when
+the process is started as root.")
+
+  (daemon-user
+   maybe-string
+   "\
+Specify the user to which the daemon process should switch during startup.
+The user can either be the login of the user or a numerical user id.
+Leave empty to disable user switching. This option can only be used when
+the process is started as root.")
+
+  (daily-days
+   (maybe-integer 62)
+   "\
+Data retention duration for the one day resolution entries. The configuration
+defines for how many past days entries will be stored. Set to @code{-1} for
+unlimited entries or to @code{0} to disable the data collection of this
+resolution.")
+
+  (database-synchronous
+   (maybe-integer -1)
+   "\
+Change the setting of the SQLite \"synchronous\" flag which controls how much
+care is taken to ensure disk writes have fully completed when writing data to
+the database before continuing other actions. Higher values take extra steps
+to ensure data safety at the cost of slower performance. A value of @code{0} will
+result in all handling being left to the filesystem itself. Set to @code{-1} to
+select the default value according to database mode controlled by
+@var{database-write-ahead-logging}
+setting. See SQLite documentation for more details regarding values from @code{1}
+to @code{3}. Value range: @samp{-1}..@samp{3}")
+
+  (database-write-ahead-logging?
+   (maybe-boolean #f)
+   "\
+Enable or disable SQLite Write-Ahead Logging mode for the database. See SQLite
+documentation for more details and note that support for read-only operations
+isn't available in older SQLite versions.")
+
+  (hourly-days
+   (maybe-integer 4)
+   "\
+Data retention duration for the one hour resolution entries. The configuration
+defines for how many past days entries will be stored. Set to @code{-1} for
+unlimited entries or to @code{0} to disable the data collection of this
+resolution.")
+
+  (log-file
+   maybe-string
+   "\
+Specify log file path and name to be used if @var{use-logging} is set to @code{1}.")
+
+  (max-bandwidth
+   maybe-integer
+   "\
+Maximum bandwidth for all interfaces. If the interface specific traffic
+exceeds the given value then the data is assumed to be invalid and rejected.
+Set to 0 in order to disable the feature. Value range: @samp{0}..@samp{50000}")
+
+  ;; documentation adapted for alist type
+  (max-BW
+   maybe-alist
+   "\
+Same as
+@var{max-bandwidth}
+but can be used for setting individual limits
+for selected interfaces. This is an association list of interfaces
+as symbols/strings to integer values. For example,
+@lisp
+(max-BW
+ `((eth0 . 15000)
+   (ppp0 . 10000)))
+@end lisp
+@var{bandwidth-detection}
+is disabled on an interface specific level for each
+@var{max-BW}
+configuration. Value range: @samp{0}..@samp{50000}")
+
+  (monthly-months
+   (maybe-integer 25)
+   "\
+Data retention duration for the one month resolution entries. The configuration
+defines for how many past months entries will be stored. Set to @code{-1} for
+unlimited entries or to @code{0} to disable the data collection of this
+resolution.")
+
+  (month-rotate
+   (maybe-integer 1)
+   "\
+Day of month that months are expected to change. Usually set to
+1 but can be set to alternative values for example for tracking
+monthly billed traffic where the billing period doesn't start on
+the first day. For example, if set to 7, days of February up to and
+including the 6th will count for January. Changing this option will
+not cause existing data to be recalculated. Value range: @samp{1}..@samp{28}")
+
+  (month-rotate-affects-years?
+   (maybe-boolean #f)
+   "\
+Enable or disable
+@var{month-rotate}
+also affecting yearly data. Applicable only when
+@var{month-rotate}
+has a value greater than one.")
+
+  (offline-save-interval
+   (maybe-integer 30)
+   "\
+How often in minutes cached interface data is saved to file when all monitored
+interfaces are offline. Value range:
+@var{save-interval}..@samp{60}")
+
+  (pid-file
+   (maybe-string "/var/run/vnstatd.pid")
+   "\
+Specify pid file path and name to be used.")
+
+  (poll-interval
+   (maybe-integer 5)
+   "\
+How often in seconds interfaces are checked for status changes.
+Value range: @samp{2}..@samp{60}")
+
+  (rescan-database-on-save?
+   maybe-boolean
+   "\
+Automatically discover added interfaces from the database and start monitoring.
+The rescan is done every
+@var{save-interval}
+or
+@var{offline-save-interval}
+minutes depending on the current activity state.")
+
+  (save-interval
+   (maybe-integer 5)
+   "\
+How often in minutes cached interface data is saved to file.
+Value range: (
+@var{update-interval} / 60 )..@samp{60}")
+
+  (save-on-status-change?
+   (maybe-boolean #t)
+   "\
+Enable or disable the additional saving to file of cached interface data
+when the availability of an interface changes, i.e., when an interface goes
+offline or comes online.")
+
+  (time-sync-wait
+   (maybe-integer 5)
+   "\
+How many minutes to wait during daemon startup for system clock to sync if
+most recent database update appears to be in the future. This may be needed
+in systems without a real-time clock (RTC) which require some time after boot
+to query and set the correct time. @code{0} = wait disabled.
+Value range: @samp{0}..@samp{60}")
+
+  (top-day-entries
+   (maybe-integer 20)
+   "\
+Data retention duration for the top day entries. The configuration
+defines how many of the past top day entries will be stored. Set to @code{-1} for
+unlimited entries or to @code{0} to disable the data collection of this
+resolution.")
+
+  (trafficless-entries?
+   (maybe-boolean #t)
+   "\
+Create database entries even when there is no traffic during the entry's time
+period.")
+
+  (update-file-owner?
+   (maybe-boolean #t)
+   "\
+Enable or disable the update of file ownership during daemon process startup.
+During daemon startup, only database, log and pid files will be modified if the
+user or group change feature (
+@var{daemon-user}
+or
+@var{daemon-group}
+) is enabled and the files don't match the requested user or group. During manual
+database creation, this option will cause file ownership to be inherited from the
+database directory if the directory already exists. This option only has effect
+when the process is started as root or via sudo.")
+
+  (update-interval
+   (maybe-integer 20)
+   "\
+How often in seconds the interface data is updated. Value range:
+@var{poll-interval}..@samp{300}")
+
+  (use-logging
+   (maybe-integer 2)
+   "\
+Enable or disable logging. This option is ignored when the daemon is started with
+.B \"-n, --nodaemon\"
+which results in all log output being shown in terminal the daemon process is using.
+@code{0} = disabled, @code{1} = logfile and @code{2} = syslog.")
+
+  (use-UTC?
+   maybe-boolean
+   "\
+Enable or disable using UTC as timezone in the database for all entries. When
+enabled, all entries added to the database will use UTC regardless of the
+configured system timezone. When disabled, the configured system timezone
+will be used. Changing this setting will not result in already existing
+data to be modified.")
+
+  (yearly-years
+   (maybe-integer -1)
+   "\
+Data retention duration for the one year resolution entries. The configuration
+defines for how many past years entries will be stored. Set to @code{-1} for
+unlimited entries or to @code{0} to disable the data collection of this
+resolution.")
+
+  (prefix vnstat-))
+
+(define (vnstat-serialize-configuration config)
+  (mixed-text-file
+   "vnstat.conf"
+   (serialize-configuration config vnstat-configuration-fields)))
+
+(define (vnstat-shepherd-service config)
+  (let ((config-file (vnstat-serialize-configuration config)))
+    (match-record config <vnstat-configuration> (package pid-file)
+      (shepherd-service
+       (documentation "Run vnstatd.")
+       (requirement `(networking))
+       (provision '(vnstatd))
+       (start #~(make-forkexec-constructor
+                 (list #$(file-append package "/sbin/vnstatd")
+                       "--daemon"
+                       "--config" #$config-file)
+                 #:pid-file #$pid-file))
+       (stop #~(make-kill-destructor))
+       (actions
+        (list (shepherd-configuration-action config-file)
+              (shepherd-action
+               (name 'reload)
+               (documentation "Reload vnstatd.")
+               (procedure
+                #~(lambda (pid)
+                    (if pid
+                        (begin
+                          (kill pid SIGHUP)
+                          (format #t
+                                  "Issued SIGHUP to vnstatd (PID ~a)."
+                                  pid))
+                        (format #t "vnstatd is not running.")))))))))))
+
+(define (vnstat-account-service config)
+  (match-record config <vnstat-configuration> (daemon-group daemon-user)
+    (if (every maybe-value-set? (list daemon-group daemon-user))
+        (list
+         (user-group
+          (name daemon-group)
+          (system? #t))
+         (user-account
+          (name daemon-user)
+          (group daemon-group)
+          (system? #t)
+          (home-directory "/var/empty")
+          (shell (file-append shadow "/sbin/nologin"))))
+        '())))
+
+(define vnstat-service-type
+  (service-type
+   (name 'vnstat)
+   (description "vnStat network-traffic monitor service.")
+   (extensions
+    (list (service-extension shepherd-root-service-type
+                             (compose list vnstat-shepherd-service))
+          (service-extension account-service-type
+                             vnstat-account-service)))
+   (default-value (vnstat-configuration))))
+
 
 ;;;
 ;;; Zabbix server